Prior to 2008, Ferrari had never before featured a forward mounted eight-cylinder engine with direct fuel injection ahead of the driver, or a dual-clutch automatic transaxle at the rear, or for that matter, a power-folding hardtop. Each of those brand first features appeared all at once on the Ferrari California, which was for Ferrari, a modestly styled ride from the stable of the Prancing Horse. Many described it as a Ferrari for the fairer sex. The California was followed by the Ferrari California T, which incorporated twin turbocharging to its resume. This in turn prompted the creation of the latest retractable hardtop convertible – the Ferrari Portofino.